Environmental Management System (EMS) can be projected as the control and management of various factors that have direct or indirect effects on the atmosphere of an organization. An organization is constantly affected by negative or positive events, which in turn affects its growth. The internal factors or internal environment forces are those that occur within the organization. The various internal factors, for example, the ones that follow, are primarily the work culture that is followed in the organization, which should be effective in giving quality products. The technological capacity of the organization is of major importance, which affects the level of performance, and so it should meet international standards.
The management systems employed in various sectors of the organization should be viable and effective so that they can identify and solve problems arising in each sector and at the same time avoid the repetition of mistakes. Financial management is another factor that determines the future growth of the organization. External driving factors describe those factors or events that take place beyond the walls of the organization and which cannot be controlled by the organization.
The factors that can come under external forces are National and global economy, competition from other companies, Regulatory and political pressure, Requirements and needs of customers, New technological developments, the image of the organization, Shareholder demands, Investor needs, and marketing power of the organization. In relation to planning an Environmental Management System, procedures should be set to design, develop and implement the EMS. Challenges are met at each of these three levels. Planning requires the identification of factors and understanding the significance of each factor that affects the organization, as the EMS plan is defined by these factors.