Crowd control is a security measure that focuses on preventing mass disorders and allowing for a better organization of large groups of people. It is also designed to prevent chaotic and hazardous events such as riots, insurrections, and massive outbreaks of law violations. There is a significant number of crowd control practices, which include communication with the unruly crowd and suppression of the crowd with force.
The first and most diplomatic way of crowd control is communication of interest and intent. When the situation allows for communicating with the crowd or its leaders, certain procedures are executed which may result in a peaceful resolution of the event. In such cases, the successful execution of diplomatic actions results in controlling the situation without any forceful interventions. Channelization of the crowd often follows communication. This is performed by putting pressure on the crowd as a whole or its leaders to minimize the disruption amongst the community. Diversion pursues the goal of moving the dangerous crowd to the areas that present fewer opportunities for causing damage.
The last diplomatic measure of crowd control is proclamation which is divided into Presidential proclamation and military proclamation that are not to be confused with each other. Both of the proclamations establish the illegal status of crowd’s activities which is a final step before allowing the use of force. Further crowd control practices include the usage of brutal force and focus on suppressing the crowd with maximum effectiveness. Such crowd control methods are the demonstration of force, apprehension of crowd members, usage of barriers, and employment of water. There are other methods of crowd control that follow the usage of force and focus on making sure that every member of the crowd will be held liable.
Nevertheless, hazardous events are much more likely to occur in small groups, and this type of event emergencies is another important topic. Each event must include event organizer who is responsible for the organization of events and insurance of safety. In turn, the organizer must always prepare an emergency plan for any dangerous situations to minimize the risks that are connected with them. The emergency plan must include preventive measures as well as organized procedures of diminishing the damage. Such procedures must include getting people away from hazards, summoning and supporting the emergency services, etc.
On the other hand, hazardous situations often have nothing to do with physical threats. Thus, risk management should also include assurance of safety during the procedure of concluding a contract. First and foremost significant risk preventing measure is allocating responsibility for any risk in a way that the party that creates it or is better positioned to avoid the impact has more of said responsibility. Further risk management instruments include indemnification clause, limitation of liability, and waiver of subrogation. Indemnification clause causes one party to cover all losses that were caused by the other party. When performed in a right way, indemnification clause allows the party that did not cause the damage to avoid taking responsibility for it. Limitation of liability, however, pursues the goal of minimizing the possible damage that accompanies the contract. Finally, waiver of subrogation aims at preventing one party from demanding subrogation from another party.