Providing a reliable supply of clean and potable water is inevitable in any given municipality since water is essential for both domestic and industrial uses. The community has constantly complained due to the municipality’s inability to avail people of clean and potable water, thus hindering the community’s needs. This report aims at depicting the water supply by focusing on how a constant supply of clean and potable water can be achieved to meet all needs in the municipality. The municipality should not overlook the uses of water both in the household and the commercial sector. People require clean water to drink, cook, wash, cool machinery and also for their animals.
Water sources are the avenues through which water can be obtained, such as springs, reservoirs, lakes, streams, rivers, and groundwater. These sources avail clean water to the public to meet their typical activities (Ren et al., 2020, p. 119806). Inevitably, contamination of water sources can result in the public lacking consumable water, thereby facing the problems such as those addressed in this report. Notably, water supply can be maintained by reusing it for numerous reasons, desalination of salty surface and groundwater and seawater and conservation of available water from contamination and wastage (Ren et al., 2020, p. 119806). Therefore, the municipality should increase the number of available manmade water sources and ensure that they have constant flow of water to sustain the municipality throughout the year.
Guidelines For Maximum Number of People Per Water Source
Water is important to dignity, healthy and life and accessing it is a basic human right. Therefore, measures are enforced to ensure that every person has access to clean and reliable water through the maximum number of people per water source principle (World Health Organization, 2018). This principle identifies that a water source should not exceed a given number to avoid constraining it and failing to meet all the needs of its users.
Standards And Key Indicators Related to Water Quantity/Quality
The municipality should uphold all key water supply standards towards meeting the community’s needs. The first standard is access and water quality which affirms that individuals should have affordable and equitable access to sufficient water for safe consumption. The second standard is water quality which identifies that water should be palatable and of sufficient quality for cooking and drinking alongside domestic and personal uses (Wang et al., 2019, pp. 944-955). Therefore, the mayor should meet these needs towards solving the current water problems in the community, given that water is essential in all aspects of human life.
Factors Affecting Water Accessibility
Water accessibility is affected by poverty, pollution, and limited infrastructure. Lacking the resources to enact water structures and cater for related fees can deny some people access to water despite it being available at the community level (Silva and Morais, 2019, pp. 4835-4848). Inevitably, limited infrastructures result in the limited provision of water within a specific region. The municipality may lack key things like pumps and pipes to supply water in the community. However, water accessibility may also be hindered by pollution, which contaminates water, making it unconsumable. Suppressing all the factors that hinder access to water will enable all members of the municipality to have access to clean water constantly, thereby solving the existing challenge of water shortage.
Recommendations To Address the Community’s Concerns
For a municipality to maintain a constant flow of clean and potable water, its water sources must be reliable and well-maintained. As a result, the first strategy towards regaining a constant supply of clean and potable water in the municipality is to address all available water sources’ issues (Silva and Morais, 2019, pp. 4835-4848). Therefore, the municipality will address artificial interference with water sources, such as human pollution. Once water sources are fully protected, the municipality can easily supply water to meet all its needs.
As stated earlier, water supply is the provision of water by commercial agencies, public utilities, community activities, or people, often through structures of pipes and pumps. Therefore, ensuring that all water systems in the municipality are functioning effectively is important in ensuring that water reaches everyone in the entire municipality. Importantly, the mayor should focus on increasing water sources, if possible, to ensure that all municipality members have access to reliable water sources. Besides, having a constant supply of clean and potable water is key to meeting basic human activities such as drinking, cooking, washing, and other domestic needs.
Ashkezari, A.D., et al (2018). Development of an enterprise Geographic Information System (GIS) integrated with the smart grid. Sustainable Energy, Grids and Networks, 14, pp.25-34.
da Silva Monte, M.B. and Morais, D.C., (2019). A decision model for identifying and solving problems in an urban water supply system. Water Resources Management, 33(14), pp.4835-4848.
Ren, K., et al (2020). Assessing the reliability, resilience and vulnerability of water supply systems under multiple uncertain sources. Journal of Cleaner Production, 252, p.119806.
Spigolon, L.M., et al (2018). Landfill siting based on optimization, multiple decision analysis, and geographic information system analyses. Waste Management & Research, 36(7), pp.606-615.
Wang, Y., Yang, J. and Chang, J., (2019). Development of a coupled quantity-quality-environment water allocation model applying the optimization-simulation method. Journal of Cleaner Production, 213, pp.944-955.
Weiss, D.J., et al (2018). A global map of travel time to cities to assess inequalities in accessibility in 2015. Nature, 553(7688), pp.333-336.
World Health Organization, 2018. WHO housing and health guidelines.
Zhu, J., et al (2018). A critical review of the integration of geographic information systems and building information modeling at the data level. ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information, 7(2), p.66.