Project Organization Structures and Time Pressure

Subject: Management
Pages: 2
Words: 606
Reading time:
3 min
Study level: College

Effective project management is one of the most important aspects that enable an organization to achieve its goals. The main project organizational structures include functional project chains, pure project organization structures, and matrix project networks (Cristóbal et al., 2018). The functional project structure is majorly utilized by entities that have projects with continuous and routine operations. Matrix project structures are mostly used by firms with complex projects with various functional working closely under strict supervision to ensure high levels of ethical behaviors (Cristóbal et al., 2018).

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In a pure project organization structure, the project managers have high control and authority to enhance positive productivity. Projects with routine operations make supervision easy since all the workers are aware of their tasks. Ensuring ethical codes of conduct in a project structure promotes efficiency and teamwork. Control and authority enable the planners to ensure that all the rules and regulations are adhered to during the project lifespan.

Project leadership entails ensuring that all the project components are effectively managed to meet the deadline and achieve desired outcomes. Time pressure is one of the major variables that project leaders have to deal with to enhance effectiveness during a project. Time pressure in a project is a type of psychological stress that project managers and workers encounter when they have a short time to ensure the completion and delivery of a given project assigned to them (Institute for Neuro and Behavioral Project Management, 2019).

One of the main impacts of time pressure in project leadership includes a significant increase in the urge to meet deadlines, which makes the planners make effective decisions to enable the submission of the required outcomes. Therefore, time pressure enhances effective decision-making by the project managers in different situations.

Project teams and groups are some of the most significant components of a project in that they help enhance project continuity. Project managers are responsible for breaking down the project into different departments and assigning different groups different goals that they have to achieve for the project to be a success (Cristóbal et al., 2018). Time pressure greatly impacts the project teams since they have limited time to complete a project with a larger scope of work. One of the negative impacts of time pressure on project teams is that they bring about constraints on the members of the different teams (Daniel Kahneman On Intuition (speech at UC Berkeley), 2015).

However, time pressure also positively impacts project management since it enables the project team members to think outside the box to implement different heuristic strategies and be more energetic when performing various tasks to enable the deadline. These factors can be utilized to improve teams in the project since they help in enhancing effective communication.

Project integration management is a major element of appropriate project management since it involves all the project components. It helps ensure effective coordination between all the project activities to enable them to meet their goals successfully. Time pressure and biases are major threats to productive project integration management since they bring about confusion (Daniel Kahneman On Intuition (speech at UC Berkeley), 2015).

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When the project group members work in a hurry due to short time limits, confusion may arise, making it difficult for the project managers to integrate most activities appropriately. Poor project integration management may lead to poor teamwork, which is an important aspect of a project since every group member is working towards the same goal (Kloppenborg, 2019). Some of the productive procedures that can be implemented to ensure that project integration is appropriately done are by conducting a proper planning process for the project and acquiring all the required resources.

References

Cristóbal, J. R. S., Fernández, V., & Diaz, E. (2018). An analysis of the main project organizational structures: Advantages, disadvantages, and factors affecting their selection. Procedia Computer Science, 138, 791–798. Web.

Daniel Kahneman On Intuition (speech at UC Berkeley). (2015). youtube. Web.

Institute for Neuro and Behavioral Project Management. (2019). Institute for Neuro & Behavioral Project Management. Web.

Kloppenborg, T. J. (2019). Contemporary project management: organize, lead, plan, perform. 1lib. Web.