Summary of Articles by Litzky et al and Pfeffer

Subject: Employee Management
Pages: 1
Words: 325
Reading time:
2 min
Study level: College

Litzky et al (2006)

Employers who lead with a confident hand or spot an excessive amount of tension on deals standards might be unconsciously adding to their representatives’ deviant practices. Supervisors should figure out how to recognize the job that they play in setting off worker abnormality. 60% of all representatives were discovered to be occupied with burglary (Litzky et al., 2006). Half of them decided to do so when they were given a chance and another half when they have figured out how to take it after effectively looking for a chance (Litzky et al., 2006). There are four kinds of work environment aberrance creation, political, property, and individual hostility. These can cause a deficiency of command over creation norms, conflicting assistance quality, loss of assets and association’s standing, and lessening of worker fulfillment.

The six administrative triggers of deviant conduct far off from natural and worker’s singularity factors were distinguished by Litzky and his colleagues (2006). These include the punishment/reward structure; prevailing difficulties to adjust; negative and un-confiding in mentalities; equivocalness about work execution; baseless treatment; and abusing worker trust (Litzky et al., 2006). Administrators frequently provoke bad practices by pushing representatives to satisfy guidelines and perform work obligations.

Pfeffer (1997)

Models of behavior regularly take on a strict quality, which is exclusively founded on conviction or feeling as opposed to based on logical proof. Despite a significant number of behavior variations of economic models continuing from a place of methodological independence that denies the actual truth of the establishments and associations being clarified, there is extraordinary interest in the model (Pfeffer, 1997).

Self-discernment and responsibility measures have been over and again exhibited in the hierarchical fields and exploratory circumstances. These points of view have significant ramifications for the impacts of reconnaissance, impetuses, and different types of outer control (Pfeffer, 1997). Nonetheless, the experiences of these models are only here and there consolidated in the exploration or plan of hierarchical motivating force frameworks.


Litzky, B. E., Eddleston, K. A., & Kidder, D. L. (2006). The good, the bad, and the misguided: How managers inadvertently encourage deviant behaviors. Academy of Management Perspectives, 20(1), 91–103. Web.

Pfeffer, J. (1997). New directions for organization theory: Problems and prospects. Oxford University Press.