The Difference Between Equal Employment and Equal Opportunity

Subject: Management
Pages: 2
Words: 652
Reading time:
3 min
Study level: College

Every person in the modern world has equal rights, obligations, and freedoms. Whether a woman or a man, a certain race or nationality representative deserves the same treatment, regardless of signs, criteria, or conditions. The laws must be observed and held accountable for their violations, and no one can enjoy special privileges in front of them. The essay highlights the contrast between equal employment and opportunity, their benefits in the workplace, designate groups that are most likely to run the risk of discrimination and oppression, and my opinion about this subject.

The difference between equal employment and equal opportunity is in the following aspects. Equal opportunity is a widely used phrase that means fairness and justice to each human on Earth in realizing their potential and dignity. Such ‘moments’ consist of fair and impartial treatment and apply to students and teachers, customers and buyers, and society in general. Everyone is identical before the law and has the right to a free life, regardless of, for example, race, gender, sexual orientation, ethnicity, or functional limitations (Mason, 2019). Nowadays, a person can decide who he or she wants to be in life and what stages one needs to go through to achieve the cherished goal.

However, equal employment implies eliminating discrimination and promoting fairness in work and employment. It is used only for a subject of activity, the performer of official duties. In this case, the relations between colleagues and superiors are regulated. For instance, an employer can give a chosen employee the prerequisites necessary to cope with the work. However, the requirements put forward must be justified from the point of view of labor duties (Hartman, 2021). So, there are cases when a candidate for a prospective position has to face unjustified discrimination. The main group subjected to these infringements in the workplace is a group of citizens belonging to the prohibited categories, which includes people characterized by race, skin color, gender, religion, nationality, or another protected category. For instance, an employer cannot hire Jane as a loader because of her gender (Hartman, 2021). In this case, the rational solution would be to pass a particular selection test for the applicant and demonstrate abilities. Accordingly, employees should not be placed in an unequal position when dividing work duties or promoting a career if there are no grounds for this related to the employee’s work and abilities.

Of course, equal employment and equal opportunities have benefits and advantages in the workplace. These ‘concepts’ emphasize a person’s ambitions, knowledge, skills, and abilities, and not those qualities based on social class, nationality, race, or family. According to research, equality emphasizes a fair and honest workflow and excellent results (Rabha, 2021). A favorable environment and a friendly atmosphere set up employees for better and more efficient work. Besides, a fair approach to employees creates a good company’s reputation in the labor market.

In conclusion, equal opportunities and equal employment have several differences and inconsistencies. Even though laws regulate rights and relations in society, these types of equality are applied to different conditions and people. In addition, ‘opportunities’ are used in the broad sense of the word; they are not burdened with specific limits and criteria. Consequently, ‘employment’ regulates labor relations based on objective opinion and judgment. Thus, the main difference between equal employment and equal opportunity is the contrast of interaction in certain areas and cases and relation to a person or human and a subject of activity.

About this subject, I think that despite the difference in appearance, character, behavior, and actions, all people are united by a common value – humanity, kindness, and empathy, inherent in them initially. Therefore, it is necessary to continue the fight for freedom, justice, and honesty. The concept of an equal position in society for every person should be not only in legislative acts or forms of labor law but also in the upbringing and education of the younger generation.


Hartman, L. P., & Bennett-Alexander, D. D. (2021). Loose leaf for employment law for business, 10e. McGraw-Hill Education.

Mason, A. (2019). Equal opportunity. Encyclopedia Britannica. Web.

Rabha, M. (2021). 5 advantages of practicing equal employment opportunity. Vantage Circle. Web.